Ficus religiosa “Sacred Fig Tree”

199.00 د.إ450.00 د.إ

Ficus religiosa, commonly known as the sacred fig, peepal tree, or bodhi tree, is a species of fig tree belonging to the Moraceae family.  Ficus religiosa holds immense cultural and religious significance in various traditions, particularly in South and Southeast Asia. It is revered as a sacred tree in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. According to Hindu mythology, the peepal tree is considered the abode of Lord Vishnu, while in Buddhism, it is associated with enlightenment, as Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) is believed to have attained enlightenment while meditating under a bodhi tree. Jainism also regards the tree as sacred, believing it to be the place where the first Tirthankara, Rishabhanatha, attained enlightenment.

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Description

Ficus religiosa, commonly known as the sacred fig, peepal tree, or bodhi tree, is a species of fig tree belonging to the Moraceae family. Here’s an overview of Ficus religiosa:

  1. Cultural and Religious Significance: Ficus religiosa holds immense cultural and religious significance in various traditions, particularly in South and Southeast Asia. It is revered as a sacred tree in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. According to Hindu mythology, the peepal tree is considered the abode of Lord Vishnu, while in Buddhism, it is associated with enlightenment, as Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) is believed to have attained enlightenment while meditating under a bodhi tree. Jainism also regards the tree as sacred, believing it to be the place where the first Tirthankara, Rishabhanatha, attained enlightenment.
  2. Appearance: The sacred fig is a large, deciduous tree that can grow up to 30 meters (98 feet) tall or more, with a wide-spreading canopy. It has heart-shaped leaves that are usually bright green, smooth, and shiny on the upper surface, with a distinctive drip tip at the apex. The leaves are arranged alternately on the branches and rustle in the wind, giving the tree a serene and tranquil presence.
  3. Distribution: Ficus religiosa is native to the Indian subcontinent but is now widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, including Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, and Cambodia. It is also cultivated as an ornamental tree in many other parts of the world for its cultural and aesthetic value.
  4. Propagation: Sacred fig trees are typically propagated from seeds, which are dispersed by birds and other animals that feed on the fruit. The tree can also propagate vegetatively through root suckers or branch cuttings. Sacred fig trees are relatively fast-growing and can establish themselves quickly in suitable growing conditions.
  5. Ecological Importance: Ficus religiosa plays an important role in the ecosystem, providing habitat and food for a variety of wildlife, including birds, insects, and small mammals. The tree’s large canopy provides shade and shelter, while its dense foliage contributes organic matter to the soil. Sacred fig trees are also valued for their role in soil conservation and erosion control, as their extensive root system helps stabilize soil on hillsides and riverbanks.
  6. Uses: In addition to its cultural and ecological significance, Ficus religiosa has practical uses. The wood of the tree is soft and lightweight, making it suitable for carving, handicrafts, and construction of small items. The leaves are used in traditional medicine for their purported medicinal properties, including treating diabetes, asthma, and skin conditions. The figs of the tree are also edible and are consumed by birds and other animals.

Overall, Ficus religiosa, the sacred fig or bodhi tree, is a revered and iconic species with deep spiritual and cultural roots in many parts of Asia. Its majestic presence, shade-giving canopy, and historical significance make it a cherished symbol of enlightenment, wisdom, and tranquility.

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Additional information

Sizes

Large:1,5 to 2.3 m, Small 100 Cm

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